Today’s Lesson In Syariah Law – Takfir

Malaysia is pretty unique in a sense that it has dual track legal system – the secular law (criminal and civil) and the syariah law. If I am not mistaken, there are only a few countries in the world that practices dual-track legal system and that includes Canada.

There are so many interesting subjects that are intertwined between these two legal system and today I would like to share of my recent knowledge of a section found in the Criminal Act under the Syariah Law. This section is called Takfir. Takfir refers to the act one Muslim declaring other Muslim an unbeliever or kafir.

This Section 6 under the Selangor Syariah Criminal Enactment 9/1995 says:

(1) Subject to subsection (2), a person who is to say, or linking through the words, either orally or in writing, or by signs or by visible representation, or by any act, activity or behavior, or by organizing , organized or organize any events, or otherwise in any manner whatsoever, that any person who professes the religion of Islam, or those who belong in any group, class or description of persons professing the religion of Islam-

(A) is an unbeliever;

(B) has ceased to profess the religion of Islam;

(C) should not be accepted, or can not be accepted as the religion of Islam; or

(D) do not believe, follow, profess or belong to Islam,is guilty of an offense and liable to a fine not exceeding five thousand ringgit or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding three years or both.

(2) Subsection (1) shall not apply to-
(A) anything done by any Court or religious authority established, constituted or appointed by or under any written law and granted by law the power to grant or issue any any ruling or decision on any matter of religion, or

(B) anything done by any person pursuant to or in any ruling or decision given or issued by the Court or religious authority, whether or not the verdict or decision is in writing or, if written , whether or not published in the Gazette

The Malay version is:

Seksyen 6. Takfir.

(1) Tertakluk kepada subseksyen (2), seseorang yang mengatakan atau mengaitkan melalui kata-kata, sama ada secara lisan atau tulisan, atau dengan isyarat, atau dengan gambaran tampak, atau dengan apa-apa perbuatan, kegiatan atau kelakuan, atau dengan mengelolakan, menganjurkan atau mengaturkan apa-apa kegiatan, atau selainnya dengan apa-apa jua cara, bahawa mana-mana orang yang menganuti agama Islam, atau orang-orang yang tergolong dalam mana-mana kumpulan, kelas atau perihalan orang yang menganuti agama Islam- 
(a) adalah orang kafir; 

(b) telah berhenti menganuti agama Islam; 

(c) tidak patut diterima, atau tidak dapat diterima sebagai menganuti agama Islam; atau 

(d) tidak mempercayai, mengikuti, menganuti atau tergolong dalam agama Islam,adalah melakukan suatu kesalahan dan apabila disabitkan boleh didenda tidak melebihi lima ribu ringgit atau dipenjarakan selama tempoh tidak melebihi tiga tahun atau kedua-duanya. 

(2) Subseksyen (1) tidaklah terpakai bagi- 
(a) apa-apa jua yang dilakukan oleh mana-mana Mahkamah atau pihak berkuasa agama yang ditubuhkan, dibentuk atau dilantik melalui atau di bawah mana-mana undang-undang bertulis dan yang diberi oleh undang-undang bertulis kuasa untuk memberikan atau mengeluarkan apa-apa fatwa atau keputusan tentang apa-apa perkara mengenai agama Islam; atau 

(b) apa-apa jua yang dilakukan oleh mana-mana orang menurut atau mengikut apa-apa fatwa atau keputusan yang diberikan atau dikeluarkan oleh Mahkamah atau pihak berkuasa agama itu, sama ada atau tidak fatwa atau keputusan itu adalah secara bertulis atau, jika bertulis, sama ada atau tidak disiarkan dalam Warta.




One Reply to “Today’s Lesson In Syariah Law – Takfir”

  1. Hi there! This post couldn’t be written any better! Reading through this post reminds me of my previous room mate! He always kept talking about this. I will forward this article to him. Pretty sure he will have a good read. Thank you for sharing!

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